The Birdchick had looked at the photos of the belljar I'd linked to in the last post more closely than I had, and she asked whether I should have put some kind of foundation in, to get the bees started. On Twitter Teresa Neves pointed me to http://turlough.blogspot.com/2007/07/will-they-or-wont-they.html where we learn explicitly that, yes, strips of foundation were used.
So I cut some foundation into strips. (It looks like this.)
And I glued strips of foundation onto the inside of the bell jar.
Then I took it back down to the hive and put it back.